The complete blood count (CBC) is an examination of blood. It’s used to evaluate general health and detect various ailments, such as anemia, leukemia, and infection.
A full blood count test is a way to determine:
- Red blood cells are oxygen carriers,
- White blood cells, that fight off infection
- Haemoglobin is the oxygen-carrying protein found in red blood cells.
- Hematocrit refers to the number of blood red cells found in the blood
- Platelets are blood clotting aids that help to make clots
A comprehensive blood count could exhibit unusually high or low levels in the number of cells. These changes could indicate an illness that requires further testing.
What’s the reason for it?
A total test of blood count is a typical blood test performed for many reasons.
- to assess overall the health of. A complete blood count is part of an examination for medical purposes to assess general health and look for signs of illness, such as leukemia and anemia.
- To determine the severity of medical conditions. A complete blood count can reveal the reason behind symptoms like weakening, fatigue, and fever. It is also a way to determine the root of swelling and bruises, pain, or bleeding.
- To determine if you have the presence of a medical issue. A complete blood count will help you keep track of any issues that impact blood cells.
- For checking on medical treatments. A complete blood count is a good way to monitor the effects of medicines on blood cell counts as well as radiation.
How do you make
If your blood sample is taken for a total blood count, you can consume food and drink normally before the test. If your blood sample will be used in different tests, then you may be required to fast for a specific amount of time before the test. Talk to your doctor about what you should do.
What are the things you can anticipate
To complete a blood count an individual from your health team collects the blood sample by inserting a needle into the vein inside your arm, most often near the bend of your elbow. This blood test is then sent to a laboratory. Following the test, you can resume your normal routine right away.
The following are the expected complete result of the blood count for adult patients. The blood count is calculated in litres per cell (cells/L) as well as grams per deciliter (grams/dL).
The number of red blood cells Male: 4.35 trillion to 5.65 trillion cells/L
Female: 3.92 trillion to 5.13 trillion cells/L
Haemoglobin Male: 13.2 to 16.6 grams/dL
(132 to 166 grams/L )
Female: 11.6 to 15 grams/dL
(116 to 150 grams/L )
Hematocrit Male: 38.3% to 48.6%
Female: 35.5% to 44.9%
White blood count of cells 3.4 billion to 9.6 billion cells/L
Number of plates Male 135 to 317 Billion/L
Females: 157 billion to 371 billion/L
Not a definitive test
The complete count of blood sometimes referred to as a CBC It is not always able to provide all the details about the diagnosis. Results that fall outside of the normal range might or might not require following-up. The health professional might require a closer look at the outcomes of any other test, as well as the results of the test. CBC.
For instance, the results are somewhat out of the normal range for the basis of CBC It’s not a cause for importance for someone who is healthy and doesn’t show any signs of disease. It’s not necessary to follow up. For those with cancer treatment, the outcomes of the test may warrant follow-up. CBC deviation from the normal range could suggest a need for a change in the method of treatment.
In certain instances, some results are significantly higher or lower than the normal range A health professional may suggest that you visit an expert who deals with blood disorders, referred to as the haematologist.
What might the results reveal?
The following areas that are above or below the normal limits of a complete blood count may indicate an issue.
- Red blood cells, haemoglobin and haemoglobin. The results of these three tests are similar since they all test a specific characteristic that is characteristic of the red blood cell.
- The lower-than-normal levels within these three categories could be indicative of anaemia. Anaemia is a result of many factors. They can result from insufficient concentrations of particular vitamins, iron in blood or medical disease. Anaemia sufferers may be tired or weak. The reason for this could be related to the anaemia in itself or to the reason behind the anaemia.
- A count of red blood cells which is higher than normal is called erythrocytosis. A higher count of red blood cells or the levels of haemoglobin or hematocrit may indicate an illness such as heart disease or blood cancer.
- The number of white blood cells. A low white blood cell count is also known as leukopenia. A medical issue such as an autoimmune disorder that damages the white blood cells or bone marrow issues or cancer could be the reason. Certain medications may also trigger the loss of white blood cells.
- A count of white blood cells that is greater than normal often is the result of an inflammation or infection. It could also indicate an illness of the immune system or a bone marrow disorder. An increased white blood cell count could also be a result of medications or intense exercise.
- platelet count. A platelet count that is lower than normal is referred to as thrombocytopenia. If the count is higher than normal this is known as thrombocytosis. This could be an indication of a medical issue or a reaction to medications. A platelet count that isn’t within the normal range could result in more tests to identify the source.
Your healthcare provider will explain to you what your blood count results translate to.